Recommended Trees

Suggested Tree Species

The tree species listed are considered for such factors as: 

  • Disease resistance
  • Location suitability
  • Pest problems
  • Seed or fruit set
  • Size
  • Visual appearance

Another factor that can be considered in species selection is which trees are presently doing well and are relatively free from insects and disease. While efforts have been made to make appropriate recommendations, nurseries may have further information as to specific cultivars or varieties which may be more suitable for your location or climate.

  1. Large Trees
  2. Medium Trees
  3. Small Trees

Trees Greater Than 40 Feet

Plant only if the area is between the sidewalk and the curb is greater than 10 feet. Trees in BOLD/ITALICS denoted with a (N) are native trees to Michigan.

Latin (Scientific Name)
Common Name
Description or Characteristic of Plant
Celtis Occidentalis (N)
Performs well under adverse conditions; bare-root; smaller trees (less than 40 feet).
Cladrastis Kentukea
Moderate growth rate, flowering, smooth bark; best in non-compacted soil; do not prune in Spring.
Corylus Colurna
Turkish Filbert
Tolerant of urban conditions; pyramidal form, no serious pests.
Eucommia Ulmoides
Hardy Rubbertree
Slow to moderate growth rate; leaves look like an elm; pest resistant; not for poorly drained sites.
Gingko Biloba
Choose Male Cultivars; no pests; prune - to - train recommended; upright cultivars available.
Gymnocladus Dioicus (N)
Kentucky Coffeetree
Moderate growth rate; open crown; use male cultivars like Macho; few pests or disease.
Larix Decidua
Common Larch
Deciduous evergreen; pyramidal-shaped; no flowers; attractive reddish-brown to grayish-brown bark
Liquidambar Styraciflua (N)
Multi-colored fall color display; limited fruit; Michigan is the northernmost range of this species.
Liriodendron Tulipifera (N)
Needs large amounts of room; tallest tree east of the Mississippi River; limited wood strength.
Metasequoia Glyptostroboides
Dawn Redwood
Rapid growth rate; deciduous conifer; good from; generally pest-free.
Nyssa Sylvatica (N)
Tupelo or Black Gum
Slow growth rate; brilliant fall color; slow growing; tolerant to drought and flooding.
Quercus Acatissima
Sawtooth White Oak
Handsome wide-spreading clean foliaged tree; not a typical oak leaf; good lawn tree.
Quercus Bicolor (N)
Swamp White Oak    
Slow growth rate; tolerant of urban conditions; transplants well in Spring.
Quercus Imbricaria    
Shingle Oak    
Slow to medium growth rate; acorns less of a litter problem than most oaks; transplant in Spring.
Quercus Macrocarpa (N)
Bur Oak    
Slow growth rate; more tolerant to City conditions than most oaks.
Quercus Rubra
Red Oak
Fast-growing tree; tolerates urban conditions along streets with heavy traffic.
Sassafras Albidum
Common Sassafras
Medium-sized tree; good fall color from red to purple to orange. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions.
Sophora Japonica
Japanese Pagodatree
Medium to a large tree; ornamental bark; rounded shaped; white flowers in mid-summer
Taxodium Distichum
Common Baldcyprus
Moderate to fast growth rate; deciduous conifer; tolerates poor drainage.
Tilia Cordata
Littleleaf Linden
Good shade tree for street conditions; has conical growth habit while young; becoming broader with age.
Ulmus Parviflora
Chinese (Lacebark) Elm
Moderate growth rate; choose Dutch Elm Disease and Phloem necrosis resistant varieties such as Drake, Dynasty, Ohio or Prospector.
Zelkova Serrata
Japanese Zelkova
Moderate growth rate; fall color from yellow to red; ornamental bark; fruit is insignificant; the tree has an elm-like appearance.

Special Use Trees

In certain areas of the City or in areas of restricted above-ground space, the best tree choice maybe those varieties that grow more upright, in a columnar form, known as fastigiated form. This form allows for minimal blockage because of their tight, upright habit and they will also not hang over sidewalk avoiding clearance concerns.